Choosing the right kind of toothpaste can be a very overwhelming process. Especially at the store where it seems like 100 different brands and types are provided. Do you choose Arm & Hammer or Colgate? Whitening or anti-plaque? It is important to know how each type of toothpaste affects your oral hygiene in order to choose the most effective one. If you are, like many of us, confused by the mass amount of options and type of toothpaste you need, look no further. Below is a list of common toothpastes and how each of them work.
Toothpaste that is centered around the presence of fluoride is a safe choice that prevents a variety of oral health issues. With frequent, small applications, fluoride toothpaste prevents tooth decay by slowing the process of enamel breakdown. The main purpose is to remineralize enamel to strengthen and increase the size of enamel crystals. The enamel then becomes more resistant to acids formed by plaque build-up and lowers the rate and risk of cavities.
Two major types of whitening toothpaste exist. The first type focuses on removing surface stains through abrasive ingredients that scrub the teeth to look polished. The second type includes bleaching properties in the formula of the paste.. The active ingredients, like hydrogen peroxide, change the color of the enamel and completely remove stubborn stains from coffee, wine or smoking—major daily habits people partake in
Plaque can be best described as a clear, sticky film that builds on top of the teeth from cavity forming agents like sugar. Anti-plaque toothpaste with xylitol as the active ingredient, kills bacteria caused by plaque and prevents further build-up. Another popular ingredient used for anti-plaque toothpaste is zinc citrate trihydrate. It prevents plaque from forming into a solid substance known as tartar which cannot be removed with a toothbrush alone and must be treated professionally by a dentist.
If possible search for a toothpaste that contains all 3 of these components to ensure you are soaking up all the many benefits in one brushing session. If you are unsure which type of toothpaste is right for you, contact Greenspoint Dental in the Houston, Texas area to set up an appointment for a review of your oral hygiene needs.