One of the most common problems people of all ages have with their teeth, deals with tooth decay that results in cavities. Cavities are holes that develop in our teeth which are usually caused by bacteria and our consumption of sugar and starch based items. A combination of bacteria, acid, forgotten food, and saliva create plaque. Plaque sticks to our teeth and if not cleaned off by brushing, will began to decay our teeth.
Areas that are more susceptible to this decay process are surfaces on top of our teeth which are not completely flat, areas that are in between our teeth in small hard to reach spaces, and on the gum-line. If only a small part of the tooth has decayed then a filling will usually suffice. Generally if it is a larger area of decay then a crown is necessary, and if it has penetrated the surface and has internal decay then a root canal is necessary.
It can sometimes be hard to figure out if you have a cavity unless you go to the dentist. Some simple ways that you may be able to tell if you have a cavity are:
- A tooth has cracked
- If your tooth is painful or sore
- Inability to bite down using that tooth
- Visible decay or discoloration on your tooth
- Achy feeling when consuming cold or hot items
There are only a couple of ways you can prevent cavities. Eating a healthy diet is key. Try to avoid sugar and starchy items that will decay your teeth faster. Visit the dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups. Lastly, brush and floss your teeth routinely twice a day or after every meal. Brushing and flossing is the one thing you can actively do to keep your teeth healthy.
If you need to take care of a cavity or schedule an appointment with a dentist, contact Greenspoint Dental. We would love to hear from you.